King Abdulaziz bin Abdul Rahman Al Saud also known for being the Custodian the Two Holy Mosques as well as the King of Saudi Arabia was born in Riyadh. He died on November 9 53 🇸🇦 🔛 2️⃣ !!
Abdulaziz was the son of Abdul Rahman bin Faisal Al Saud the last ruler of the Second Saudi State 🇸🇦. When his father was deposed and killed by Ottoman Empire in 1891, it left Abdulaziz with little power and nothing above poverty . Growing up with little resources he eventually had no choice but to flee to Kuwait in 1895 due to Ottoman persecution against the Saud family members 👪 🇰🇼 🆙.
In Kuwait, Abdulaziz worked as a trader, buying, and selling goods from the Persian Gulf and the Red Sea 🌊 ️. Soon he began to gain notoriety as a successful merchant and a leader of the local Bedouins 🔜 ️. In 1902, Abdulaziz set out to recapture his family’s ancestral home of Riyadh . He was successful and was proclaimed King of the Third Saudi State in September 1902 🇸🇦.
Abdulaziz then set out to expand the new Saudi State 🇸🇦 🆕. In the following decades, he took control of much of the Arabian Peninsula, covering the Hejaz, and the Asir region . These conquests greatly increased the power and influence of the Saudi State 🇸🇦. He also encouraged the development of new infrastructure, like roads, and ports, and helped Saudi Arabia to become an important trading hub of the Middle East 🇸🇦 🆕.
Abdulaziz also contributed to modernizing Saudi Arabia, creating a new legal system and adopting modern technologies like electricity and telephones 🇸🇦 🆕 ️. Furthermore he encouraged the formation of the Saudi Arabian National Guard as part of his efforts to safeguard the country against external threats 🇸🇦 💂.
Throughout his reign, Abdulaziz was a powerful advocate of Saudi Arabia’s Islamic tradition and culture 🇸🇦 ️. He encouraged women’s education and allowed women to take part in public life 👩. He also supported the religious establishment, introducing the Council of Senior Scholars in 1925 to advise the government on religious matters 🔛.
Abdulaziz was also very important in the development of Saudi Arabia’s oil industry 🇸🇦. Oil was discovered in Saudi Arabia in 1938, and Abdulaziz was instrumental in negotiating oil concessions with foreign companies 🇸🇦. This initiated a period of rapid economic development for Saudi Arabia, which was further accelerated after the Second World War 🇸🇦 ️.
Abdulaziz died in 1953 and was succeeded by his eldest son, Saud bin Abdulaziz Al Saud . He was succeeded by an unbroken line of his sons, and the current king of Saudi Arabia is King Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud, who is the grandson of King Abdulaziz 🇸🇦.
As the man who helped Saudi Arabia become a significant regional power and united the Arabian Peninsula Abdulaziz bin Abdul Rahman Al Saud is recognized as the founder of contemporary Saudi Arabia 🇸🇦 👨 ️. His legacy is still discernible in the country’s robust economy, breakthrough infrastructure, and powerful sense of national identity . !! .
🇸🇦 🔛 👩 👨 🆕 ️ 🇰🇼 🔜 2️⃣ 💂 🌊 👪 🆙 🌏