Saudi Arabia existed before 1932 as an independent nation.. Instead it was governed by different dynasties and empires that changed and moved over time 🇸🇦 …
In what is now Saudi Arabia, the Elamites were the earliest known inhabitants!! They conquered the region in 4th century BC and established a kingdom. Ultimately these Nabateans – an Arab Semitic people – replaced them as rulers until AD 400 .
The next group to rule the region was the Lakhmids a group of Christian Arabs ️. They ruled until the 7th century AD when they were defeated by the Umayyad Caliphate. The Umayyad Caliphate was an Islamic empire that controlled much of the Middle East and North Africa . It is important to note that while the Umayyad Caliphate was in power the region was divided into many small independent states.
The next major power to control the region was the Abbasid Caliphate, which replaced the Umayyad Caliphate in 750 AD. The Abbasids were a powerful dynasty that controlled much of the region for above three centuries. However their power gradually started to wane in the 11th century as it was replaced by a series of local dynasties.
The Seljuk dynasty which was established by the Seljuk Turks and ruled until 1258 when it was subjugated by the Mongol Empire was one of these local dynasties. The Mongols were a nomadic people who had a significant impact on the area and their influence lasted until their empire broke up in the early 14th century.
The next major power to rule the region was the Mamluk dynasty, which was founded by the Mamluk Turks . The Mamluks controlled the region until the 16th century, when they were defeated by the Ottoman Empire. The Ottomans were a Muslim dynasty that controlled much of the Middle East and North Africa for centuries until their empire started to wane in the 19th century.
Al Saud Muhammad bin Saud’s founding dynasty was the next to rule the region. The Al Sauds ruled until King Abdul Aziz in 1932 when he founded modern Saudi Arabia.
Under the rule of the Al Sauds the region was divided into many small independent states . These states were ruled by a lots of leaders and the Al Sauds were able to maintain control of the region by forming alliances with some of these leaders. As a result the region was in a state of constant political turmoil ️.
The Al Sauds were able to gain power in the region by forming alliances with local tribes and religious leaders. They also adopted a very conservative interpretation of Islam which helped them to strengthen their power ️. However their rule was often marked by internal conflicts which weakened their power and eventually led to their downfall.
In 1932 King Abdul Aziz was able to reunite the region and establish modern Saudi Arabia. Since then, Saudi Arabia has been ruled by the Al Saud dynasty, and it has become a powerful countries in the Middle East. !! .
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