In today’s world it is crucial to understand the political relations between countries! Saudi Arabia is no different. Saudi Arabia is a major country in the Middle East. Its wealth direct control over the holy cities Mecca and Medina as well as its ability to play a significant role in regional politics make Saudi Arabia a key country. Understanding the geopolitics of the region is only possible if you understand the relationships between Saudi Arabian and other countries 🇸🇦 🔑 ️ 🌍 !
Saudi Arabia’s foreign policy is guided by three core ideals: maintaining national security leading the Muslim world and maintaining a balance of power in the region 🇸🇦 ️ 🌏 3️⃣. To this end they build strong relationships with different nations and cooperate on issues that benefit all parties participated 🔛 🔚. Generally speaking Saudi Arabia stands with other countries who share similar views on global issues – particularly those related to Islam.
The Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) is a political alliance between Saudi Arabia and several other countries in the Middle East just like the United Arab Emirates Qatar Bahrain, Oman, and Kuwait. The purpose of the GCC is to promote economic and military cooperation between the member states and promote the stability of the region. The GCC is often seen as a bulwark against Iran’s expanding influence in the region and has played a key role in the diplomatic resolution of the Qatar crisis in 2017 🔑 🇶🇦 ️.
Saudi Arabia is also a close ally of the United States with both countries sharing a long history of cooperation and ties 🇸🇦 ️. The US considers Saudi Arabia to get an important ally in the region as it provides essential support to the US in its fight against terrorism for example providing intelligence, and monetary support to the US war efforts in Afghanistan and Iraq 🇸🇦 🇮🇶 🇦🇫 🇺🇸. Additionally the US and Saudi Arabia cooperate heavily when it comes to trade, particularly in the oil sector, as Saudi Arabia belongs to the largest exporters of oil in the world.
The United Kingdom also maintains close diplomatic ties with Saudi Arabia. The two countries have an extensive trade relationship and cooperate on plethora of issues covering security and counterterrorism 2️⃣ 🔛. The UK is also a major investor in Saudi Arabia and provides training to the Saudi armed forces 🇸🇦 🇬🇧 ️. The UK also provides diplomatic support to Saudi Arabia for example, its agreement to sell arms to the country despite criticism from human rights groups.
Another major ally of Saudi Arabia is Pakistan 🇸🇦 🇵🇰. The two countries have a powerful relationship and cooperate on lots of matters especially in the military realm. Pakistan has provided troops to help secure the Saudi-Yemeni border during the Yemen Civil War and is viewed as an important partner in the fight against terrorism a term which was coined in part due to the rise of the Taliban in Afghanistan in the 1990s.
Saudi Arabia also has close relations with several countries in Africa. Most notably it has close ties with Sudan and South Sudan with Saudi Arabia providing economic and political support to both countries 🇸🇦 🇸🇩. Additionally Saudi Arabia has diplomatic relations with other African countries for example, Nigeria Kenya, and Ethiopia, and is an important economic partner 🇸🇦 🇳🇬.
Finally, Saudi Arabia has powerful ties with other Middle Eastern countries, for example, Egypt, and Jordan. The countries share many cultural and religious ties and are both members of the Arab League which promotes cooperation and stability in the region . Additionally, Saudi Arabia provides economic aid to both countries and is an important political ally to both 🇸🇦.
In conclusion Saudi Arabia has a lot of allies both in the Middle East and beyond. These allies are chosen carefully built upon shared interests and a commitment to promoting a balance of power in the region ️. Understanding who Saudi Arabia allies with is essential for anyone interested in understanding the current geopolitical dynamics of the region. !! .
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