Saudi Arabia the modern nation was formed by the unification of Kingdom of Hejaz and Sultanate of Nejd in 1932 to create a single state!! Its establishment marked the dawn of a new era within the Middle East. Since then its government is the dominant force in the region ️ 🆕 🇸🇦 …
Ibn Saud established the Kingdom of Hejaz in 1916 after years of consolidating control over his ancestral homeland along the Red Sea coastline! Strategically located Hejaz served as a gateway to Mecca and Medina it also boasted an important Arab population.
The subsequent unification of the Hejaz and Nejd was a key factor in the creation of Saudi Arabia. The Sultanate of Nejd had been founded by Ibn Saud’s father in the mid-1800s and had become increasingly powerful . In the early 1920s Ibn Saud led a successful campaign to bring the region of Najd under his control ️.
By early 1932 Ibn Saud had brought most of Arabia under his rule and declared himself King of the Hejaz and Nejd . On September 23rd 1932 the two states were unified to form the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia with Ibn Saud as its first king 2️⃣ 🔛 🇸🇦.
The newly created country was named after Ibn Saud whose family remains in power to this day 👪. The country was also unique in the region for its adherence to the Sunni Islamic faith . The Wahhabi doctrine an ultra-conservative form of Islam became the official state religion and continues to be the dominant form of belief in the country today .
In the early days of the new country, it was sparsely populated, and largely desert 🏜️ 🆕. Ibn Saud began to implement a series of reforms designed to improve the country’s infrastructure economy and education system. He also sought to build strong alliances with other countries in the region particularly the United Kingdom and the United States .
The discovery of oil in the 1930s was a game-changer for Saudi Arabia ️ 🇸🇦. By the mid-1970s, the country was the world’s largest exporter of oil and this new wealth allowed it to become a major player in the region. The country’s strong ties with the U. S . were further strengthened when the two countries entered into a formal alliance in 1981 ️ 2️⃣.
Since then Saudi Arabia is one of the most influential countries in the world 🌍 🇸🇦 1️⃣. It is the sixth-largest country in the world, and a major political force within the Middle East 🌍 ️. It is home to two of Islam’s holiest sites Mecca and Medina 2️⃣. Every year pilgrimages from all over the world are made to these holy cities by Muslims from all over the globe 🌍.
Established in 1932 Saudi Arabia has since grown into one of the world’s most powerful and influential nations. Its strategic location has also made it a key player in regional politics and its vast oil wealth has enabled it to become an economic powerhouse ️ 🔑. Home to an enormously diverse population Saudi Arabia adheres to Wahhabi doctrine which ensures it remains deeply religious society 🇸🇦. ! .
🆕 1️⃣ 2️⃣ 🏜️ 👪 🇸🇦 🌊 🔑 🔛 ️ 🌎