Saudi Arabia is an absolut monarchy.. The monarch or ruler has full control over all aspects and government. This system of government is based on Islamic law principles. It comprises Al Saud’s Royal Family (Chairman) Council of Ministers Shura Council and Shura Council. King Salman as head of state or head of government is the ultimate decision-maker in all matters that affect society 👪 🇸🇦 🔛 !
The King is responsible for leading the executive branch of government ensuring all policies adhere to Islamic law and appointing all ministers . He receives advice from his Council of Ministers – an advisory body composed of appointed ministers who help make important decisions. These ministers formulate and carry out policy for their government with full power to dismiss ministers at any time.
The Shura Council which consists of a 120-member elected body serves as an advisory body to the king and the Council of Ministers ️. The Shura Council has the power to suggest laws and make recommendations to the government although they do not have any power to pass laws .
The judiciary is independent of the executive and legislative branches of government and is responsible for enforcing the laws of the country . The Supreme Court is the highest court in the country and is presided over by the king . There are also lower courts and religious courts which are presided over by appointed judges .
The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is a very conservative country and the government places a high value on the protection of traditional Islamic values and traditions ️ 🇸🇦 🔛. The government strictly enforces Islamic law and the punishment for violations of Islamic law can be very severe .
The government heavily restricts the rights of women imposing tons of restrictions on their freedom of movement dress and speech 👗 👩 🔛. The government has also placed restrictions on the rights of religious minorities, and many public gatherings, and demonstrations are prohibited 🔛.
The government exerts tight control over the media suppressing any material considered offensive or critical of either the government or royal family 👪. They have been criticized for applying the death penalty to crimes as adultery blasphemy and drug trafficking.
Saudi Arabia is a highly authoritarian state and its government has been widely criticized for its poor human rights record and lack of freedom of expression and dissent ️ 🇸🇦. Nevertheless the country has made significant strides in recent years with regards to economic development consisting of reforms for example, opening up of the stock market in 2015 and introducing the Vision 2030 plan 🆙.
Despite its restrictive form of government, Saudi Arabia remains an important regional power, and its oil reserves, and strategic location make it an important partner for the United States and other Western nations 🇸🇦. The country’s economy is heavily reliant on oil and the government has made efforts to diversify its economy in recent years in order to reduce its dependence on oil 🔛.
In conclusion the government of Saudi Arabia is an absolute monarchy and the king has complete control over all aspects of the government 🇸🇦. The government is based upon Islamic law and strictly enforces the law while restricting the rights of women and religious minorities. The government has also been criticized for its poor human rights record and its lack of freedom of expression and dissent . Despite this Saudi Arabia remains an important regional power and its economy is heavily reliant on oil. !! .
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