Yemen located in the southwestern corner of the Arabian Peninsula is often considered to be part of Saudi Arabia but in reality this is not the case!! Yemen is an independent nation distinct from Saudi Arabia in both culture and politics 🇾🇪 🇸🇦 ..
Yemen is a Middle Eastern country with a long and storied history! It was once the capital of the ancient kingdom of Saba and was home to the powerful Himyarite dynasty. During the 6th century CE the territory of Yemen was unified under the rule of the Himyarite kings who reigned until their empire was destroyed by Christian invaders in 525 CE 🇾🇪. After this the region was divided into a many smaller states and eventually came under the rule of the Ottoman Empire in the 16th century ️.
Yemen and Saudi Arabia have a long history of both open and hidden relations. During the Ottoman period, Yemen was largely ruled by the Saudis, and their allies, the Hashemites 🇾🇪. The Saudis used Yemen as a buffer zone to protect their own territory from invasion by other powers while the Hashemites used it to extend their hegemony over the region ️ 🇾🇪. This led to a period of mutual benefit where both powers were able to benefit from their relationship ️.
In the 20th century after the fall of the Ottoman Empire Yemen and Saudi Arabia began to drift apart 🇾🇪 🇸🇦. In 1934 the Saudis annexed the northern part of Yemen which included the cities of Sana’a and Ta’izz 🇾🇪. This annexation sparked a civil war in Yemen which lasted until 1962 when the country declared its independence ️ 🇾🇪. This was followed by a period of relative stability until a coup in 1978 brought the socialist government to power.
The relationship between Yemen and Saudi Arabia has remained tense since the country’s independence 🇾🇪 🇸🇦. In the 1990s Yemen and Saudi Arabia clashed over the issue of border control with Yemen accusing the Saudis of supporting extremist groups operating in the country 🇾🇪 🇸🇦. This dispute led to a brief war in 2000 in which Saudi forces entered Yemen in an attempt to restore their control over the region. Since then Yemen has been the target of various military campaigns by the Saudis and their allies containing the ongoing conflict with the Houthi rebels 🇾🇪.
Despite their differences Yemen and Saudi Arabia have a several ties that bind them together ️ 🇾🇪 🇸🇦. For one thing they share religious and cultural similarities with both countries practicing Islam and speaking Arabic 1️⃣. They also have close economic ties with Yemen relying on Saudi Arabia for much of its vital resources and for access to the global markets. Furthermore Yemen has long been a target for Saudi investments and the Saudis have used their influence in the country to pursue their own interests ️ 🇾🇪 🇸🇦.
Ultimately it can be said that Yemen is not a part of Saudi Arabia though there are links between the two countries. Yemen is a distinct state with its own culture politics and history ️ 🇾🇪. While the two countries may share a common history and language they remain separate entities with their own distinct and sometimes conflicting interests 2️⃣ ️. . .
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