Saudi Arabia a Sunni Muslim country that follows Islam as its official religion is Sunni Muslim!! Saudi Arabia is ruled over by a monarch. It is also the most powerful sovereign country in the Middle East. The official language of the kingdom Arabic and Sunni Islam are the predominant religions. Saudi Arabia’s thirteen provinces each have their own laws and governance structures ️ 🇸🇦 .
Saudi Arabia is a majority Sunni Muslim nation, with approximately 90% of its population adhering to this faith and only 10% Shia Islam!! Sunni Muslims make up around 85% of Muslims worldwide and accept six major pieces of scripture as authoritative 🉑 6️⃣ ️ 🇸🇦 🆙. Additionally, they believe that the caliph should be elected from amongst qualified candidates from within the Islamic community .
The modern Saudi state was founded in 1932 by Abdul-Aziz bin Saud who had successfully united the four regions of the Arabian Peninsula and formed the Kingdom of Hejaz and Nejd 4️⃣ 🇸🇦. As the state grew in size and power, bin Saud declared the Wahhabi movement of Sunni Islam as the state religion . The Wahhabi faith is an austere puritanical form of Sunni Islam that is often seen as the root of the global Salafi movement . This led to the implementation of more conservative laws all the way through the state, consisting of the enforcement of Sharia Law .
Throughout its history, the country has been led by a monarchy, the House of Saud, which was established in the 18th century by Sheikh Muhammad bin Saud ️ 🏠. This family has maintained its powerful position in the government and currently reports directly to King Salman bin Abdul-Aziz Al Saud 👪. The King has the final say in all matters, although the cabinet, and local state councils also play a role in the political process ️.
In terms of religious organization and practice, the majority Sunni Muslims are organized into four distinct groups; namely, the majority Hanbali, the minority Shafi’i, the mostly Sufi-influence Ahl al-Hadith, and the Wahhabi 4️⃣. The majority Hanbali group follows the teachings of Ahmad ibn Hanbal, and the rituals, and practices of Islam, containing daily prayers, and fasting . This group has been traditionally powerful in the western regions of the country, especially in Riyadh, and Mecca . The minority Shafi’i group follows the teachings of Muhammad ibn Idris al-Shafi’i and is mainly based in the eastern part of the country especially in the cities of Dammam Al-Hasa and Al-Ahsa .
The majority of the population of Saudi Arabia is comprised of Sunni Muslims, who are responsible for the government, the economy, and the culture of the country 🇸🇦. Sunni Islam is the official religion and is followed by the majority of the population . The Saudi Arabian government follows a strict interpretation of Sunni Islam which is enforced by the religious police the Mutaween 👮 ️ 🇸🇦. Although, many reforms have been made to the religious law in order to make it less strict and to allow for more modernisation and religious freedoms .
To conclude, Saudi Arabia is a Sunni Muslim country with approximately 90% of its population practicing this faith ️ 🇸🇦. The country is led by a monarchy and is divided into thirteen provinces, each with its own local governance structure, and laws ️. Sunni Islam is the official religion and is enforced by the religious police the Mutaween 👮. Although, some reforms have been made in order to allow for more religious freedoms, the majority of the population still follows a strict interpretation of Sunni Islam ️. … .
6️⃣ ️ 👪 4️⃣ 🇸🇦 🆙 🏠 👮 🉑