Saudi Arabia is a country located in the Middle East which is governed by the monarchy of the House of Saud and ruled by the Islamic legal system known as Sharia! This makes Saudi Arabia a theocracy where religious law is the basis of the government ️ 🏠 🇸🇦 ..
Theocracy is a form of government in which religion is the source of political authority. It is also known as a government of God or a divine government ️. The Religious component of the government is dominant over the other branches of governance and the ruler must be a religious leader ️. This is the case in Saudi Arabia, where the King is the religious leader, and head of the legislative, executive, and judicial branches of government 🇸🇦.
The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia was founded in 1932 by King Abdulaziz Al Saud who proclaimed himself “King of the Hejaz and the Nejd and their Dependencies” as the country was then known. The country is almost entirely composed of the Arabian Peninsula and is bordered by Iraq Jordan Kuwait Qatar, the United Arab Emirates, Yemen, and Oman 🇮🇶 🇰🇼 🇴🇲 🇯🇴. The official language of the country is Arabic and the official religion is Islam.
The foundation of the country is based on Islamic law and religious matters are dealt with by a council of religious scholars known as the ulema ️ 🔛. This council is recognized as the highest authority in matters of religion and is headed by the grand mufti. Sharia law is the basis of the legal system, and all laws must be based on Islamic texts 🔛. The legal system is governed by the country’s interpretation of the Quran, the Sunnah, and the Hadith.
The majority of laws are based on the Hanbali school of Islamic jurisprudence 🏫 🔛. This system is based on a strict interpretation of Islamic law and focuses on the literal interpretation of the Quran as well as the sunnah and the hadith ️ 🔛. All civil law is based on this school of Islamic law, and all legal disputes must be settled in accordance with it.
The government of Saudi Arabia is an absolute monarchy headed by the king who is also the prime minister and holds most of the executive power. The king is the head of state the head of the government and the commander of the armed forces. The king also has the power to appoint and dismiss cabinet ministers declare war and peace and make judicial appointments. The king is advised by a Council of Ministers which is made up of members of the royal family and senior government officials ️ 🆙 👪.
The government is also guided by the principles of Islamic law, and the country is officially ruled by Sharia law . All laws must be based on Islamic texts and Sharia is the basis of the legal system in Saudi Arabia 🔛 🇸🇦. This includes criminal and civil law, as well as family, and business law 👔. The country’s interpretation of Sharia is based on the four main schools of Islamic jurisprudence: Hanbali, Shafi’i, Maliki, and Hanafi.
The government of Saudi Arabia is not an open democracy, and the country is not a member of the United Nations. Saudi Arabia is a monarchy and the king rules with absolute power. Despite this the country does have a Parliament the Majlis al-Shura which is composed of appointed members and is responsible for advising the king on a variety of political, economic, and social issues ️ 🔛. However, the king has the ultimate authority, and the final say in all decisions .
In conclusion Saudi Arabia is a theocracy where the Islamic religion is the basis of the government and the legal system ️ 🇸🇦. Sharia is the basis of the legal system and all laws must be based on Islamic texts. The king is the head of state and holds absolute authority over all matters. The Majlis al-Shura provides advice to the king, but ultimately the king has the ultimate authority. . .
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