Saudi Arabia doesn’t have a written constitution! The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia has a basic law framework. It is largely based upon Islamic law and tribal customs. This framework is used to govern the country. It is often called an “unwritten” constitution 🇸🇦 ️ .
Saudi Arabia is an absolute monarchy meaning there is no formal separation of powers!! The government is not subject to the rule of law and only the King has the power to make and enforce laws. He also serves as Head of State and Head of Government. With absolute power, he can appoint, dismiss, or remove people from any position at any time; declare war or peace and deploy armed forces as needed .
The ruling family of Saudi Arabia has been the House of Saud since 1932 👪 🇸🇦 🏠. The ruling family is responsible for most of the government’s policy decisions 👪. In addition they are the ones who control the country’s oil production which is its main source of income . The current King Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud has been ruling since 2015.
Although there is no formal written constitution of the country there are basic laws that guide the country . These laws are based on Sharia and the Quran, the Islamic holy text 🔛. Islamic law can be divided into five groups: the Quranic Law, the Sunna (the Prophet’s sayings and actions), Ijma and Qiyas (analogical reasoning), Ijtihad and Ijtihad.
Saudi Arabia is a very conservative country and while they do not have an official constitution many of their laws are based on Islamic principles. In addition, there are a few basic human rights outlined in the Basic Law of Governance, which was passed in 1992 ️. This document outlines human rights such as freedom of thought freedom of opinion gender equality and the right to freely practice one’s religion.
There are three branches of government in Saudi Arabia 🇸🇦 3️⃣. The first is the executive branch, which is headed by the King. The King is the Head of State and Head of Government, and he is responsible for appointing ministers, and other government officials . He is also responsible for setting the country’s foreign policy.
The second branch is the legislative branch, which is made up of the Consultative Assembly and the Shura Council 🆙. The Consultative Assembly is made up of 120 members who are elected by municipal councils from the population 🆙. The Council acts as an advisory body to the King and is responsible for discussing important issues such as education, agriculture, economy, and foreign affairs. The Shura Council has 150 members appointed by the King and it is responsible for debating proposed laws and making recommendations .
Finally, the judicial branch consists of the Supreme Court, the General Court, and a number of specialized, and administrative courts ️. The Supreme Court is responsible for interpreting the laws and making sure that they are in accordance with Sharia law . The General Court is responsible for trying cases not related to Sharia law. The specialized courts are responsible for certain areas such as land disputes and family law. The administrative courts are responsible for resolving disputes within the government itself.
Saudi Arabia does not have a formal constitution but it does have an established legal framework based on Islamic law and tribal customs 🔛 🇸🇦 ️ 🛃. This serves to govern the country and provide some stability and security . The monarchy is responsible for most policy decisions while certain basic human rights are outlined in the Basic Law of Governance. In addition to this framework, there is also a three-branch government which ensures compliance with laws ️. . .
Islamic law is divided into five categories: the Quranic law, the Sunna (the Prophet’s sayings and deeds), Ijma (consensus), Qiyas (analogical reasoning), and Ijtihad (independent reasoning). Saudi Arabia is a very conservative country, and while they do not have an official constitution, many of their laws are based on Islamic principles. This document outlines human rights such as freedom of thought, freedom of opinion, gender equality, and the right to freely practice one’s religion. The Council acts as an advisory body to the King and is responsible for discussing important issues such as education, agriculture, economy, and foreign affairs. Finally, the judicial branch consists of the Supreme Court, the General Court, and a number of specialized and administrative courts.
3️⃣ 5️⃣ 🆙 🛃 🇸🇦 🏠 👪 🔛 ️